Rav Kook Torah

Ekev: Animals Served First!


The Torah promises that if we observe the mitzvot and sincerely love God, we will enjoy timely rain and bountiful crops:

וְנָתַתִּי עֵשֶׂב בְּשָׂדְךָ לִבְהֶמְתֶּךָ וְאָכַלְתָּ וְשָׂבָעְתָּ׃

“I will give plants in your field for your animals; and you will eat and be satiated.” (Deut. 11:15)

Rav Abba Aricha, the celebrated third-century scholar, called attention to the order of the verse: first the animals eat, and only then the people. He learned from here that one should not eat before first placing food before one’s animals.

Why is this? Should not people eat first, since they are more important? Are not humans “the crown of creation”?

Rav Kook explained that this Talmudic rule of etiquette contains several moral lessons:

  • Given our central place in the universe, we have a responsibility to look after all creatures.

  • Our food (and in the case of the farmer, also his livelihood) is supplied by cows, chickens, and so on. We should feed these animals first as an expression of the fundamental gratitude we should feel toward these creatures which provide us with our basic needs.

  • If we lack food for a short time, we may comfort ourselves with spiritual or intellectual pursuits. This is an integral aspect of the human soul, which is not sustained “by bread alone.” Animals, however, have no such alternate outlets when they are pained by hunger. Therefore, it is logical to deal with the animal’s hunger first.

  • In purely physical aspects, animals are superior to humans. Is there a human being who is stronger than a bear, faster than a horse, more agile than a cat? Our superiority over animals lies exclusively in the spiritual realms: in our intelligence and our higher aspirations. Therefore, when it comes to physical sustenance, animals take precedence to humans, and by right are served first.

    (Sapphire from the Land of Israel. Adapted from Ein Eyah vol. II, p. 180)

  • Illustration image: Animal Industries at Kibbutz Ramat Yohanan (PikiWiki)