|5625 (1865)||Born on the 16th of Elul, 5625 (Sep. 7, 1865) in Greive (now Griva), a suburb of Dvinsk in Latvia.|
At age 18, he studied for a year and a half at the famed Volozhin yeshiva.
The head of the Volozhin yeshiva, Rabbi Naftali Tzvi Berlin (the "Netziv"), held the "ilui [prodigy] from Griva" in high esteem.
Related article: Purim holiday in Volozhin
|5646 (1886)||Married Batsheva, the daughter of Rabbi Eliyahu David Rabinowitz-Teomim (1843-1905) (known by his initials, the Aderet), then rabbi of Ponevezh, and later chief rabbi of Jerusalem.|
Appointed rabbi of Zeimel (Zeimelis) in Lithuania at age 22.
Launched a short-lived monthly rabbinic journal, Itur Sofrim.
During his stay in Zeimel, Rav Kook's first wife died.
(Their daughter Frayda Chana was a year and a half at the time.)
His father-in-law the Aderet convinced him to marry Raiza-Rivka Rabinowitz, daughter of the Aderet's twin brother. Raiza-Rivka was the mother of Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda Kook, Esther Ya’el Kook, and Batya-Miriam Ra'anan.
Studied with the great Kabbalist, Rabbi Shlomo Elyashiv (1839-1926), author of Leshem Shevo Ve-Achlamah.
|5654-5656 (1894-1896)||Collected 38 sermons in the book Midbar Shur. The manuscript, however, was stolen, and the book was only published a century later, in 1999.|
Became rabbi of Boisk (now Bauska), Latvia.
Wrote Musar Avicha, a treatise on moral reflections (published posthumously in 1946).
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|5664 (1904)||Arrived in Eretz Yisrael on the 28th of Iyar, 5664. He served as rabbi of Jaffa and the surrounding settlements for the next ten years.|
Published the first chapters of Orot HaTeshuvah, Rav Kook's
original thoughts on the topic of repentence, as well as Eder HaYakar and Ikvei Hatzon.
Related article: Overview of Orot HaTeshuvah
|5670 (1910)||Sabbatical year. Published the Halachic work, Shabbat Ha'Aretz,
in defense of the heter mechirah.
Related article: Explanation of permit to work the land during the Sabbatical year
|5674 (1913)||Lead a mission of rabbis to settlements in the north to encourage them and strengthen religious observance.|
Traveled to Europe for Agudat Yisrael convention in Germany.
Unable to return to Eretz Yisrael due to the sudden outbreak of World War I, Rav Kook
spent a year and a half in St. Gallen, Switzerland.
Related article: Rav Kook first meets Rabbi David Cohen, the 'Nazir'
|5676 (1916)||Served as rabbi of Machzikei HaDat congregation in London for three years during the war. Published the mystical treatise Rosh Milin.|
Returned to Eretz Yisrael.
In Tevet 5680, he accepted the position of Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem.
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Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda Kook edited some of his father's writings,
publishing them in the book Orot - Rav Kook's most famous work.
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|5681 (1921)||Established Chief Rabbinate of pre-state Israel, becoming Chief Rabbi together with Sephardic Chief Rabbi Yaakov Meir.|
|5684 (1924)||Established the Mercaz HaRav yeshivah in Jerusalem, unique among the yeshivot at that time in its religious philosophy and positive attitude towards Zionism.|
|5695 (1935)||Rav Kook passed away in Jerusalem on the third of Elul, 5695, two weeks before his 70th birthday.|